Hawthorne Valley's Japanese Turnpip...sweet as candy!

Biodynamic: Biodynamic farming is based on the work of Austrian scientist and philosopher Rudolf Steiner.  Meeting the requirements of organic farming, biodynamics goes further by working consciously with the life forces inherent in nature.  Through studying the qualities of certain plants and animals, different preparations are spread over the land in homeopathic amounts, to bring into balance and enhance the life forces of the farm.  The knowledge of planetary cycles   and constellations also attributes to the planting or breeding processes and ferlizing practices, governing the life of the plants and animals for consumption.

Abundance from the land

Oganic/Organically Grown: Organic farming relies on developing biological diversity in the field to create a balanced ecosystem where pests do not create a problem.  Crop rotation and composting are techniques used to create a fertile soil condition.  Organic farming prohibits the use of any synthetic pesticides or fertilizers.  All products sold as “organic” must be certigied by oranizations accredited bythe USDA.  Certification includes annual submission of an organic plan and inspection of farm fields and processing facilities to verify that organic practices and record keeping are being followed.

Conventional: Refers to standard agricultural and husbandry practices developed from the introduction of modern technological advancements.  Conventional farming ideas arose fromt he industrial revolution and the natural scientific community.

Genetically Modified Organisms: (GMOs): GMOs are plants and animals that have had their genetic make-up altered to exhibit traits that are not naturally theirs.  In general, genes are taken (copied) from one organism that shows a desired trait and transferred into the genetic code of another organism.  Greenmarket does not allow genetically modified produce to be sold at the market.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM): A pest-management strategy that uses kmowledge about insects and their reproductive and flight cycles to minimize crop damage.  Throuh the use of in-field monitoring using traps and inspections, the farmers can tell what pests are present and in what numbers.  Then minimal amounts of pesticides can be used to target the problems, rather than broad spectrum applications on a routine schedule whether necessary or not.  Other techniques using beneficial insects that feed off the pest organism are also used in their practice.

No Spraying/Pesticide-free: Some farmers may avoid the use of pesticides, herbicides & fungicides even if they continue to use conventional approaches such as synthetic fertilizer.  “No Spraying” or “Pesticide-free” indicates that while the farm may not be certified organic, there are not sprays applied to the produce.  These claims are not verified by outside parties.

Transitional: Farmers need to practice organic methods for three years on a given piece of land before the products grown there can be certified organic.  “Transitional” means that the farmland is in the midst of that period towards organic certification, and is already using organic methods.

Apples

Tree ripened apples

Tree-ripened/Vine-ripened: These terms apply to fruit that has been allowed to ripen on the tree or vine before harvest.  Many fruits that are shipped long distances are picked green and unripe to withstand machine harvest and transportation, then often treated with ethylene gas to “ripen”, color, and soften.  By contrast, fruits that have been allowed to fully ripen on the tree or vine have superior taste and nutrition.

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